Recent years have seen a global unity in discussions about climate change and its adverse effects on the environment. At the same time the fact remains that the primary cause of global warming propagates from methods industrial nations use that power their economies. This leaves developing nations with the challenge of devising methods of generating energy to power their own economic growth while minimizing their impact on the climate.
During the 20th UN Climate Change Conference held from 1st to 12th December 2014 in Lima, Peru; participating governments found a way forward on climate control. This way forward included agreeing on a 12 month period of finalizing an international agreement aimed at avoiding dangerous levels of global warming. This agreement was reached by over 190 countries.
The agreement also outlined in detail the process which would have countries pledge to cut their greenhouse emissions by the year 2020. This effort to unite governments across the globe on the matter of climate change began in December 2012 in Durban, South Africa. With the draft agreement aimed at cementing this international deal, the next summit is expected to yield bigger results. The 21st UN Climate Change Conference will be held in Paris in December 2015.
The greatest challenge facing the success of this project is the cooperation of governments worldwide. One example is developing energy efficiency, which is a vital process that can result in a considerable reduction in the amount of Green House Gases (GHGs) released into the atmosphere. However, this challenge requires political and civil intervention to make significant progress.
In Africa, most of the countries are developing at a fast rate with rapid population increases. This means that governments are faced with the challenge of increasing production of basic amenities to sustain the growing populations and urban development.
In the mission to improve her livelihood, Africa will fall victim to more GHG emissions unless alternative sources of energy are sought to supplement the oil industry. This is the reason organizations such as Agile International has been on the forefront to lobby for organic farming and the empowerment of women through education.
Energy efficiency is aimed at reducing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere. However, carbon dioxide is not easy to get rid of, since it is said to last in the atmosphere for hundreds of years. Therefore, this means that any efforts toward energy efficiency will not result in immediate success.
With the ambition of reducing the GHGs by the year 2020 across the globe, there are Short Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs) that can be reduced to help further mitigate climate change. These pollutants are mostly composed of Methane and Black Carbon. Livestock production is said to be the greatest contributors of SLCPs, but the challenge of eradication livestock products from the global diet is humongous.
Therefore, the way forward is to realize the interconnection between climate change and energy production. Bringing awareness to populations of the developing world, through initiatives like those of Agile International, will also go a long way in dealing with the difficulties of climate change.